ⓘ Tujuh Alat Manajemén jeung Rarancang


ⓘ Tujuh Alat Manajemén jeung Rarancang

Tujuh Alat Manajemén jeung Rarancang asal muasalna aya dina gawe Panalungtikan Operasi sanggeusna Perang Dunya II jeung panalungtikan Total Quality Control urang Jepang. Dina taun 1979, buku Seven New Quality Tools for Managers and Staff diterbitkeun sarta taun 1983 dialihbasakeun kana basa Inggris.

Tujuh alat éta nyaéta:

  • Tree Diagram
  • Activity Network Diagram
  • Prioritization Matrix
  • Process Decision Program Chart PDPC
  • Matrix Diagram
  • Affinity Diagram KJ Method
  • Interrelationship Diagraph ID

1.1. Tujuh alat Affinity Diagram

This tool takes large amounts of disorganized data and information and enables one to organize it into groupings based on natural relationships. It was créated in the 1960s by Japanese anthropologist Jiro Kawakita.


1.2. Tujuh alat Interrelationship Diagraph

This tool displays all the interrelated cause-and-effect relationships and factors involved in a complex problem and describes desired outcomes. The process of créating an interrelationship diagraph helps a group analyze the natural links between different aspects of a complex situation.


1.3. Tujuh alat Tree Diagram

This tool is used to bréak down broad categories into finer and finer levels of detail. It can map levels of details of tasks that are required to accomplish a goal or task. It can be used to bréak down broad general subjects into finer and finer levels of detail. Developing the tree diagram helps one move their thinking from generalities to specifics.


1.4. Tujuh alat Prioritization Matrix

This tool is used to prioritize items and describe them in terms of weighted criteria. It uses a combination of tree and matrix diagramming techniques to do a pair-wise evaluation of items and to narrow down options to the most desired or most effective.


1.5. Tujuh alat Matrix Diagram

This tool shows the relationship between items. At éach intersection a relationship is either absent or present. It then gives information about the relationship, such as its strength, the roles played by various individuals or méasurements. Six differently shaped matrices are possible: L, T, Y, X, C, R and roof-shaped, depending on how many groups must be compared.


1.6. Tujuh alat Process Decision Program Chart PDPC

A useful way of planning is to bréak down tasks into a hierarchy, using a Tree Diagram. The PDPC extends the tree diagram a couple of levels to identify risks and counterméasures for the bottom level tasks. Different shaped boxes are used to highlight risks and identify possible counterméasures often shown as clouds to indicate their uncertain nature. The PDPC is similar to the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis FMéa in that both identify risks, consequences of failure, and contingency actions; the FMéa also rates relative risk levels for éach potential failure point.


1.7. Tujuh alat Activity Network Diagram

This tool is used to plan the appropriate sequence or schedule for a set of tasks and related subtasks. It is used when subtasks must occur in parallel. The diagram enables one to determine the critical path longest sequence of tasks. See also PERT diagram.

Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →